Present at the debate were Peter Obi the vice presidential candidate of the People Democratic Party (PDP), Yemi Osinbajo Nigerian current vice President & the vice presidential candidate of the All Progressive Congress (APC). Khadija Abdullahi-Iya, the vice presidential candidate of the Alliance for New Nigeria (ANN), Ganiyu Galadima of the llied Congress Party Of Nigeria (ACPN) and Umma Getso of the Young Progressives Congress (YPP) together took part in the Vice Presidential debate for 2019 upcoming Nigerian election.
Here are some facts made during the debate, by Mr. Peter Obi and Vice President Yemi Osinbajo made quite a number of claims in figures which we are fact checking in this article. See below;
OBI: There are about two million vehicles in Nigeria.
OSINBAJO: Lagos-Ibadan expressway was “practically” abandoned for 16 years under PDP. CHECKED: False. The Goodluck Jonathan administration made many interventions on the Lagos-Ibadan expressway, awarding a multi-billion naira contract to Julius Berger and RCC. The administration fixed the Ibadan to Ogere section of the road.
OSINBAJO: A bag of fertiliser now sells for N6,000 to N7,000. CHECKED: Largely correct. Price of fertiliser has experienced a drastic drop following the Nigeria-Morocco fertiliser deal. Current prices are between N5,500 and N6,500. As at 2016, a bag of fertiliser sold above N10,000.
OBI: Nigeria has fallen on the global competitive index from 124 to 127. CHECKED: False. According to the latest (2018) World Economic Forum report, Nigeria rose on the index by 10 places. Obi’s claim was true in 2016.
OBI: Total loans from the banks in Nigeria is N19trn and only 0.5% goes to SMEs CHECKED: Yet to be verified.
OSINBAJO: There is a tax threshold for SMEs, SMEs get to a level before they pay taxes.
CHECKED: True. There is a lower tax rate of 20% applicable to small companies in manufacturing, agriculture and mining within their first five years of business. The problem with the law is that the turnover threshold to qualify is only N1 million which is not in tune with current realities.
OBI: Nigeria’s foreign direct investment for 2015 was $21bn, while it fell to $12bn in 2017.
CHECKED: False. According to NBS capital importation reports, Nigeria’s total imported capital stood at $9.6 billion in 2015, and $12.3 billion in 2017. Perhaps Obi meant 2014, when Nigeria’s total capital imported stood at $20.7 billion. OBI: African trade today is less than 9 percent.
CHECKED: False. According to Afriexim Bank, Intra-Africa trade is around 15 percent. In 2016, intra-African exports made up 18 percent of total exports according to Brookings Institution.
OSINBAJO: Nigeria went down by 64 places under PDP, but has risen by 24 places under APC
CHECKED: Partly False. Nigeria went down from 120 to 170 between 2008 and 2015, under PDP rule. Under the APC, ease of doing business has risen from 170 in 2015 to 146 in 2018, according to the World Bank Ease of Doing Business report.
OBI: Oil gives you 80% of foreign exchange earnings.
CHECKED: Point valid, figures near accurate. As at 2017 NBS figures showed that Nigeria’s foreign exchange earnings from oil the oil sector stood above 90%. OBI: To bring out goods from Apapa cost more than it takes to bring goods from Europe
CHECKED: Unverified OBI: The federal government spends only N5 on the health of each Nigerian citizen per day.
CHECKED: True. Based on budgetary and population calculations done by TheCable, the federal government allocates N4.7 to every Nigerian’s health per day.
OBI: Apple Inc’s market cap is bigger than the economies of Nigeria, South Africa and Egypt.
CHECKED: False. Apple’s market cap today is $788.57 billion. The economies of these three countries are bigger than Apple. When Apple was $1 trillion a few months ago, it was bigger in dollar terms.